Pak·i·stan (păk’ĭ-stăn′, pä′kĭ-stän’)
A country of South Asia. Occupying land crisscrossed by ancient invasion paths, Pakistan was the home of the prehistoric Indus Valley civilization, which flourished until overrun by Aryans c. 1500 BC. After being conquered by numerous rulers and powers, it passed to the British as part of India and became a separate Muslim state in 1947. The country originally included the Bengalese territory of East Pakistan, which achieved its separate independence in 1971 as Bangladesh. Pakistan became a republic in 1956. Islamabad is the capital and Karachi the largest city.
Pak′i·stan’i (-stăn’ē, -stä’nē) adj. & n.
Word History: The names of many Central and South Asian states, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, end with the element -stan, a suffix of Iranian origin. The suffix is derived from the Iranian root *stā-, "to stand, stay," and means "place (where one stays), home, country." It can be added to the names of peoples to form the names of the countries where they live. The name Pakistan contains the same suffix and was coined—originally in the form Pakstan—by Choudhary Rahmat Ali (1897-1951), a Muslim Indian Nationalist who devoted himself to the creation of separate countries for Muslims in South Asia in anticipation of the end of British rule there. Pakstan first appears in a pamphlet that Rahmat Ali published in 1933 "on behalf of the thirty million Muslims of PAKSTAN, who live in the five Northern Units of India, viz.: Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan." The new name was meant to incorporate letters from names of all these areas, with the P representing Punjab, the A representing the Afghans (Afghān being a Persian word meaning "Pashtun"), and so forth. In Persian and Urdu, the sound of the name Pākstan also suggests an interpretation like "Land of the Pure," as if the name were derived from the Persian word pāk, "pure." Rahmat Ali's name for the region caught on quickly, and its spelling was soon changed to Pakistan, probably in order to break up the difficult consonant cluster kst and bring the word in line with other geographical names like Afghanistan and Baluchistan. Pakistan was chosen as the name of the country when it became independent in 1947.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pakistani — prop. adj. Of or relating to Pakistan or its people or language; as, Pakistani mountain passes. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pakistani — or Pakistanis may refer to:* An attribute of Pakistan * Pakistani people people from Pakistan * Languages of Pakistan * Pakistan Hockey Federation * Pakistani cricket team * Attash Durrani * Urdu …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistani — prop. n. A native or inhabitant of Pakistan. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pakistaní — o paquistaní adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. De Pakistán, país de Asia meridional: comida pakistaní, costumbres pakistaníes. Los paquistaníes han sufrido muchas invasiones a lo largo de su historia …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • pakistaní — → Pakistán …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • pakistaní — 1. adj. Natural del Pakistán. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a este país de Asia …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Pakistani — ► NOUN ▪ a person from Pakistan. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Pakistan …   English terms dictionary

  • Pakistani — [pak΄i stan′ē, pä΄ki stä′nē] n. a person born or living in Pakistan adj. of Pakistan or its people or culture …   English World dictionary

  • Pakistani — [[t]pɑ͟ːkɪstɑ͟ːni[/t]] ♦♦♦ Pakistanis 1) ADJ Pakistani means belonging or relating to Pakistan, or to its people or culture. ...the Pakistani city of Hyderabad. ...Pakistani cricketers. 2) N COUNT: usu pl A Pakistani is a Pakistani citizen, or a… …   English dictionary

  • Pakistani — I UK [ˌpɑːkɪˈstɑːnɪ] / UK [ˌpækɪˈstɑːnɪ] / US [ˌpækɪˈstænɪ] noun [countable] Word forms Pakistani : singular Pakistani plural Pakistanis someone from Pakistan II UK [ˌpɑːkɪˈstɑːnɪ] / UK [ˌpækɪˈstɑːnɪ] / US [ˌpækɪˈstænɪ] / US [ˌpækɪˈstɑnɪ]… …   English dictionary

  • pakistaní — ► adjetivo 1 De Pakistán, país de Asia. IRREG. en plural también pakistaníes ► sustantivo masculino femenino 2 Persona natural de este país. * * * pakistaní adj. y n. Paquistaní. * * * pakistaní. adj. Natural del Pakistán. U. t. c. s. || 2.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.